When cameras were first invented, they could only capture images in black and white. However as time and technology evolved, cameras that could capture images in full color were invented. As technology advanced to become digital, cameras that could capture images both in color and black and white were created. Today, we have the ability to go back in the olden days through digital cameras even as the first cameras are now only shown in museums.
There is a certain dramatic effect when you capture an image in black and white. For one, you are giving the image an “antique” quality or a priceless feel. When an image is depicted in black and white, it’s as if you are placing the image in a new angle where the story has more emotions to it. This is why many photographers play with black and white images even in the age of computers and cameras that capture images in full colors.
Taking an image in black and white is not as easy as it looks. For now, let us take black and white landscape photography. Before you even click your camera, you should visualize the landscape in black and white. When dealing with landscapes, the foreground is very important because it gives the image a deeper meaning to the viewer and so it is important that the foreground is composed in such a way that it contains something of interest. It is also important that you check the lighting. Make sure that brightness does not engulf the subject. Rather, brightness should be in different areas like a contrast of shadows and bright lights. Make sure that clouds do not cover the sun because it is the sun that creates lighting contrast. Train your eye to view the image as a series of tones and not colors. Colored photography has some aspects that may look bad in black and white photography.
Setting your camera for black and white photography is the next step. According to a lot of professional landscape photographers, the best format to take your photograph with is RAW. You will have to convert the image to monochrome with a RAW file editor before working with software such as Photoshop, After Effects. There are very few photographers who shoot directly with cameras in monochrome setting. Do not blow out your highlights by overexposure. Instead, underexpose your photographs by 1 or 2 stops.
When you opt to capture the image in color, before converting the image to black and white, you should learn how to select filters. Filters are useful for separating colors that look the same once the image is converted to monochrome. If your image includes sky and clouds, you can keep the details by using graduated filters. A moody atmosphere can be achieved by using red filters, which will darken the sky. Landscapes should be filtered with green because they make a contrast between different shades of green. When taking an image where there is mist or the condition is hazy, blue filters are best.
Black and white photography is very useful when you want to add a little drama to the image that you are capturing but not all subjects can have dramatic effects when captured in black and white. You should always choose your subject carefully in order to achieve desired effects.